A smart warehouse comprises of a variety of measures put in place to ensure maximum operation of the facility while keeping the costs in check.
Automation refers to the remote control of equipment and appliances such as lighting and air conditioning in the warehouse. The security and flow of goods in the warehouse also calls for well approved automated security and resource management systems.
The two common types of lights used in warehouses include the traditional (400W, mercury vapor) high bay lights and 36W fluorescent tubes in the offices. The high bay lights can be replaced by more efficient 250W (mercury halide) with an improved energy efficiency of 30% to 40%.
The latest T5 fluorescent tubes improve the energy efficiency of 60% to 67%. To minimize the amount spent on lighting, first, take advantage of ambient light from skylights (and windows if available) also schedule lights to turn off after the last shift leaves.
Heating and cooling systems and appliances can account for a great percentage of energy consumption in the warehouse. The choice of a highly efficient heating or cooling system both in energy consumption and effectiveness can cut you a great deal on your energy bill.
Simple actions like opening and closing windows/ blinds to allow for heat transfer or reducing draft cost nothing at all yet remain valuable.
The safety of warehouses involves an integration of security services such as intrusion detectors, burglar alarms, access control, video surveillance, fire detection and fire alarms. In addition to this, remotely managed services may be required for efficient business operations.
PSA is a “business intelligence solution.”These systems are designed with flexibility to meet the specific business needs. Since this is a product of automation, it functions to optimally coordinate jobs performed by automated material handling systems as well as other manual tasks. Intelligent and flexible software incorporated at the core of the warehouse is essential if investments have to be maximized.
Energy saving and management
A well-designed energy saving system can improve passive solar heating and passive cooling through control of vents, blinds, windows and fans. It should also control heaters and air conditioners so as to be only used at the appropriate place and time by use of centralized AC controls.
Lights can be operated only when needed through simple motion timers and sensors or via centralized lighting controls. The energy management policy typically refers to the use of a computer software system that enables one to visualize, report on and ultimately fine-tune energy usage. Centralized energy management software gears provide the capability to measure and manage energy.
Smart warehouses all over the world are always on the high end of benefiting from energy efficient programs as well as automation. Whereas automation in such environments can be centralized and programmable alternatively, it may consist of decentralized and isolated controls and sensors. The system may encompass the use of sophisticated electronic programmable heating, cooling and lighting controls which include special wiring or wireless controls or a few automated isolated systems.
To be considered as energy saving, these automated systems must save more energy than they actually consume. The bulk of the energy saving task lies in designing and installing high efficient appliances. Automated warehouse systems aim to reduce the equipment operating time so as to minimize energy used.
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